Hysterectomy is a procedure performed to treat certain conditions in women, which cannot be treated by medication, other types of surgeries, or therapies. It is a procedure where a woman’s uterus is removed, although it’s also possible for the other reproductive organs, such as the ovaries, the vagina, the fallopian tubes and the cervix, to be removed if required. It is considered the most commonly performed surgery among women.
After undergoing a hysterectomy, the woman starts having the menopause right away and becomes barren.
When to Consider a Hysterectomy Surgery
A hysterectomy surgery is performed only when other forms of treatment prove to be ineffective in curing the patient’s condition, and if it’s negatively affecting the patient’s quality of life. Below are some of these conditions:
* Uterine prolapsed
* Chronic pain
* Chronic bleeding
Classifications of hysterectomy Surgery
The reproductive organs removed determine the type of hysterectomy. Hysterectomy procedures can also be performed using different techniques.
The different types of hysterectomy surgery are the following:
Subtotal or partial hysterectomy. This is the removal of a portion of the uterus where the ovaries and the cervix are left intact.
Total hysterectomy. The uterus and the cervix are removed in this type of hysterectomy surgery. The ovaries may or may not be removed.
Radical hysterectomy. A doctor performs this type of hysterectomy surgery when the patient’s condition calls for the removal of the ovaries, the vagina, and the cervix aside from the uterus.
On the other hand, the following are the hysterectomy surgery techniques that a doctor can use:
Abdominal hysterectomy. In hysterectomy surgeries where an incision on the abdomen is required, the doctor can make the incision either horizontally across the bikini line, or as a vertical incision from the pubic bone to the belly button.
Vaginal hysterectomy. This technique requires a vaginal incision through which the uterus is removed.
Laparoscopic assisted hysterectomy. Doctors use a laparoscope when dealing with delicate cases. A tiny camera is inserted into the patient’s abdomen, enabling the doctor to look inside the abdomen while performing the surgery. This technique is usually employed with a vaginal hysterectomy.
Recovering from Hysterectomy Surgery
Hospital stay of 1 to 4 days is usually needed for patients recovering from a hysterectomy surgery.
Abdominal hysterectomy patients take a longer time to recover compared to laparoscopic or vaginal hysterectomy patients. The former would need between four and eight weeks to recover, while the latter would need between one and two weeks to recover.
It takes six weeks before a woman who has undergone a hysterectomy surgery to resume her sexual activity and resume taking tub baths.