Oral and maxillofacial surgery is the surgical specialty that include surgery and diagnosis of wide range of disease, injuries and defects in mouth, teeth, jaws and face. The surgeons are trained to treat and care for the patients experiencing such conditions.
The scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery is quite wide and is concerned with treatments of diseases affecting mouth, face and neck regions. Besides these, also include preprosthetic surgery, oral and dentoaveolar surgery, dental implant surgery, facial trauma surgery, reconstructive facial surgery, cleft lip and palate surgery and tumor/cancer surgery.
Due to their nature of job, the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons also work with other specialists in the field like ENT specialist, clinical oncologists, orthodontics, plastic surgeons, radiologists and neurosurgeons.
The procedures adopted by the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon however vary depending on issues. Here are some of the dental issue for which the treatment the surgery is opted:
The surgical procedure to replace tooth roots procedure provides a strong foundation for permanent and removed teeth. In fact, the teeth are designed to match with your natural teeth. The best advantage of this procedure patient feel them like a part of permanent teeth and are designed to fuse with bone. Moreover, also eliminates discomfort to remove dentures.
The signs and symptoms include pain or tenderness of jaw, aching pain in and around ear, facial pain or may be locking of the joint may make it difficult to open and close mouth. The TMJ disorder therapy uses low-level electrical currents to relive you from pain. The heat applied to the joint may relieve the soreness and improve mobility.
This is a common issue as almost everyone may experience an injury due to sports mishap, accident or may be act of violence. The principle to treat facial fracture is similar as for broken arm or leg. The parts of the bone lined up and held in a position allowing healing on time. Most of the time the maxillofacial fractures are complex and that need multiple incisions, combination of wiring and plating techniques. The repositioning technique however depends on the severity of fracture.
General extractions are needed for several reasons like when tooth is no longer alive, for orthodontic reasons, impactions and Prophylactic purposes. With the consultation of patient, the surgical extractions are performed under local anesthesia or by giving local sedation.