Just like every other organ in the body, the liver keeps a person healthy by its functions. Harmful material are removed from the blood, as it is filtered by this large vital detoxifying organ. It produces the different proteins needed by the body including enzymes, hormones, antibodies and other substances. Digestion of fat is facilitated with the bile that the liver also produces. It is the primary powerhouse source of energy. Liver cancer, also called hepatic tumours, can arise from the liver itself. Also, a primary tumour may have spread it to the liver.The football-sized organ sits at the upper right hand side part of the abdomen, beneath the diaphragm and above the stomach. Protected by the lower ribs, it sits the right side lobe and the smaller left lobe.
Liver Cancer Treatment is the removal of the tumor and surrounding tissue during an operation. It is likely to be the most successful disease-directed treatment, particularly for patients with small tumors (smaller than 5 cm). Indian liver center Institute of Liver Transplantation and Regenerative Medicine is the best Liver Cancer Treatment Center in India. This service run under the guidance of experience surgeon, they are recognized the world over for his pioneering work in establishing Liver Cancer Treatment in India.
Liver Cancer Treatment
The stage of Liver Cancer and the overall condition of the patient dictate the treatment options. The size, number, and site of tumors in the liver primarily determine the treatment to be given. The functioning of the Liver is checked before planning the appropriate treatment as also the spread of the cancer within and outside the liver is to be tested. The Various treatment options available are as follows:
Surgery: surgical intervention is done, if the tumours are of less than 5 cm in size and have not spread to the blood vessels. Partial hepatectomy is the surgery done to remove a portion of the liver.
Liver transplant: If the liver is fully damaged liver transplant is an option, provided suitable donated liver tissue can be found. Total hepatectomy (i.e. removal of complete liver) is done when healthy liver tissue from a donor is available, and it is replaced with the donated tissue.
Ablation: is the method used to destroy the cancer in the liver. Patients when are not able to undergo a surgery or a liver transplant, use this procedure and also when a liver donor is not available. Ablation is done in the following ways:
* Radiofrequency ablation: to kill the cancer cells with heat a special probe containing tiny electrodes is used. To guide the probe to the tumor Ultrasound, CT, or MRI may be used.
* Percutaneous ethanol injection: a thin needle is guided into the liver tumor with the help of an ultrasound. Thereafter through the needle Alcohol (ethanol) is injected which kills cancer cells. The procedure may be performed once or twice a week.
Embolization: An insertion of a tiny catheter is made into an artery in the leg and is moved to the hepatic artery. Thereafter through the catheter tiny sponges are injected which blocks the flow of blood through the artery. The tumor dies without blood flow from the hepatic artery. Till the time the hepatic artery is blocked the healthy liver tissue continues to receive blood from the hepatic portal vein.
Chemoembolization- (i.e. Embolization with Chemotherapy): before insertion of the tiny particles that block the blood flow an anticancer drug is injected into the artery. The drug stays in the liver for longer without blood flow, and thus the impact is more.
Targeted Therapy: targeted therapy is intended for people with liver cancer who can’t have surgery or a liver transplant. Special drugs are used to slower the growth of liver tumors in this therapy. In it also blood supply is also reduced. The drug is administered orally.
Radiation Therapy: to kill cancer cells in radiotherapy high-energy rays are used. For patients who can’t undergo surgery Radiation Therapy may be an option. At times it is accompanied with other treatments. To help relieve pain from liver cancer that has spread to the bones also Radiation therapy is used.
The cost of Liver transplant in India allows people of every class and from every part of the world to avail the best medical care suited to their pocket. Everything from finding a donor and performing the surgery to the prolonged recovery period and lifelong medication, each factor adds to the cost, making liver transplant difficult to afford for some people. Hospitals in India are a perfect destination for medical tourism that combines health treatment with visits to some of the most alluring and awe-inspiring places of the world at an attractively low cost.